提高英文写作的3个技巧

提高英文写作的3个技巧。提高英文写作最重要的是避免重复自己,下面提高英文写作的3个技巧的关键点都是避免重复。

技巧1 不要重复同样的单词

撰写英语时最重要的一条就是避免重复使用同样的单词。不要一遍遍的使用一个单词,可以使用同义词或者同样意思的短语。当然有时候不得不重复使用同样的单词,比如是撰写专业报告时,专业词汇无可替代,必须重复。但是,虽说专业性词汇不可变换,但是一些描述性还是可以变的。例如:

We went on holiday to a ski resort. The resort was very beautiful with lots of things to do. The mountains were also beautiful, and, to be honest, there were also many beautiful people.

这上面一段中,形容词「beautiful」使用了3次。这样写并非不可,但是写作方法很悲催。可以使用「beautiful」一些同义词来替换「beautiful」,这样看上去就舒服多了。

We went on a holiday to a ski resort. The resort was very beautiful with lots of things to do. The mountains were majestic, and, to be honest, there were also many glamourous people.

技巧2 不要重复同样的句式

一遍遍的使用同样的句式对于英语写作也是大忌。同样的事情可以变换一种描述方式。例如

1. The students studied hard as the test was sure to be difficult.
2. They reviewed the grammar in great detail due to the many exceptions.
3. Sentence structure was reviewed, for it was sure to be on the test.
4. As they had covered all the materials, the students were assured success.

在上面4句中,我们使用了「because」的4种不同描述方法。第1句和第4句使用了从属结构。注意从属子句可以打头,但是其后应该跟一个逗号。第2句使用了介词「due to」和名词短语,第3句使用了并列连词「for」。

从属结构

从属结构可以从属子句放在后面,此时就不需要使用逗号,也可以使用一个句子作为开头,此时句子后应该有一逗号。例如

Though we need to review the grammar, we decided to take the day off for some fun.
Mr. Smith hired a lawyer as he needed to defend himself in court.
We'll take car of the problem when John returns.

介词

介词常和名词或者名词短语一起使用。例如

Just like our neighbors, we decided to put a new roof on our home.
The school decided to fire the teacher despite the students' protest.
As a result of poor attendance, we'll have to repeat chapter seven.

并列结构

并列结构包括2个简单的句子,用一个并列连词把这两个句子连接起来,并且并列连词前应该有一个逗号。并列结构不能作为句子的开头。例如

The weather was very cold, but we took a walk.
She needed some extra money for her vacation, so she found a part-time job.
The toy was broken, for the boy had thrown it against the wall.

连接副词

连接副词前面一般使用句子打头,连接副词后应该有一个逗号。例如

The car was in need of repair. As a result, Peter took the car in to the repair shop.
It's very important to study grammar. However, knowing grammar doesn't necessarily mean you can speak the language well.
Let's hurry up and finish this report. Otherwise, we won't be able to work on the presentation.

技巧3 变换顺序和连接词

当撰写一个长句时,可以使用连接词和分序描述的方法来表达自己的想法。不管上面说的变换单词还是变换句式,最重要的就是变换连接词。例如,有很多方式可以表达下一步「next」

First, open the box. Next, take out the equipment. Next, insert the batteries. Next, turn the device on and begin work.

其实上面的句子这样写更好

First, open the box. Next, take out the equipment. After that, insert the batteries. Finally, turn the device on and begin work.

这只是一个简短的例子,从这个例子句可以开拓思维。尽力每个段落之间使用不同的顺序或者连接词。如果一个段落中使用了「first, secondly, thirdly, finally」,在另一段中应该变换成「to begin with, next, after that」。

提高英文写作的3个技巧

本文编译于3 Tips to Improve Writing in English,作者Kenneth Beare

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